Tips for developing with Docker.
Keep your container small
Each layer in your Dockerfile is cached. This means that if you have the same layer repeated in multiple images, it will cache and reuse that layer.
So its easy not too worry about how big a layer is. Until you start pulling your containers on to servers, test runners, QA servers, developers laptops and so on. Then you start to wonder how your container blew up to 2 gigs .
After you add a layer, do yourself a favour and see how much it adds. To find out how much a layer adds, use the
docker history [image id] command. The results can be suprising, especially when it comes to yum.
540868cb5bab 35 seconds ago /bin/sh -c pip install supervisor 2.429 MB
Installing supervisor using yum:
16bb922e5ff5 6 hours ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y supervisor 224.5 MB
That’s a 222.071 MB difference.
You can do a
yum clean and that’s when it gets interesting. Three seperate lines, no clean:
392cecc77eae 12 hours ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y cronie 34.72 MB 91154ebe69d8 12 hours ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y bash-completion 18.67 MB 760d1b735093 12 hours ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y supervisor 224.5 MB
Install and clean in three lines:
832fe193df7d About a minute ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y cronie && yum clean 34.69 MB 331bc45fc42a About a minute ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y bash-completion && 18.64 MB f74a8b922149 2 minutes ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y supervisor && yum c 21.54 MB
Install and clean in one line:
23d486d7bc04 2 minutes ago /bin/sh -c yum install -y supervisor bash-com 38.7 MB
The last one saves you 239.19 MB.
It’s a pretty simple and quick check to see how big the layer in your Dockerfile. Next time you add a layer, give it a try.
See also part 3.